Friedrich Nietzsche, more commonly known as "That dude who killed god", was a 19th-century German Philosopher, Cultural Critic, Prose Poet, Composer and Philolgist, who wrote a 100-something page book on how human hubris killed god. Oh, and he was the forefather of Nihilism, but I'll explain that in a second. he was commonly attributed with the phrase "God is dead", and most of his works were studies and explanations on his viewpoint on things such as the morality of so-called "Theists". This man's mind, and his perfectly wonderful moustache, was considered one of the forefathers of contemporary philosophy. I mean, his mind. Not his moustache. His moustache is great, though.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche was born in Baddidlyboing Middle of Freaking Nowhere, Germany, on October 15th of 1844. He was born to a pastor(who, unfortunately, did not have as great of a mousseeta-chay) and a former schoolteacher. He had two siblings, one sister and one brother. Both were wholly unremarkable and were not as great as Friedrich.
Most well known for his work on Nihilism, Friedrich Nietzsche was an accomplished scholar and philosopher, having written around a dozens books on the nature of life, and god. This man , with the harumphest moustache to every grace the earth, held a very nihilistic view on the world. In fact, his philosophy was literally called Nihilism, a philosophy that stated nothing and no one mattered. Basically, the idea behind every edgy 13 year old.
On 3 January 1889, Nietzsche suffered a mental breakdown. Two policemen approached him after he caused a public disturbance in the streets of Turin. What happened remains unknown, but an often-repeated tale from shortly after his death states that Nietzsche witnessed the flogging of a horse at the other end of the Piazza Carlo Alberto, ran to the horse, threw his arms around its neck to protect it, then collapsed to the ground.
Another concept important to understanding Nietzsche is the Übermensch (Superman). Writing about nihilism in Also Sprach Zarathustra, Nietzsche introduced an Übermensch. According to Laurence Lampert, "the death of God must be followed by a long twilight of piety and nihilism. Zarathustra's gift of the overman is given to mankind not aware of the problem to which the overman is the solution." Zarathustra presents the Übermensch as the creator of new values, and he appears as a solution to the problem of the death of God and nihilism.
I love his moustache.